Physical activity and pelvic floor muscle training in patients with pelvic organ prolapse: a pilot study.


INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS - The details of the physical activity in patients with mild to moderate pelvicorgan prolapse (Pmoderate pelvic organ prolapse (POP) remain under-studied. The purpose of the present study was to investigate objective physical activity levels and the changes in pelvic floor muscle(PFM) strength, symptoms and quality of life (QOL) between before and after PFM training (PFMT) in patients with POP.


METHODS - In a prospective pilot study, 29 patients with stage II or III POP completed approximately 16 weeks of PFMT. A reliable activity monitor was used to measure physical activity parameters including step counts, activity and total calories expended, and duration at each intensity level. Maximum vaginal squeeze pressure, POP symptoms and QOL were assessed. Changes in these outcome measures were compared before and after PFMT.


RESULTS - The step counts per day (mean ± SD) of women with POP was 7,272.9 ± 3,091.7 before PFMT and 7,553.4 ± 2,831.0 after PFMT. There was no significant change between before and PFMT. PFM strength was significantly increased after PFMT. POP-related symptoms including stress urinary incontinence, frequency, postmicturition dribble and interference with emptying the bowels were significantly improved. The QOL scores for general health, physical limitations, emotion, and severity measures were significantly improved after PFMT.


CONCLUSIONS - Although PFMT changed PFM strength symptoms, and QOL, there were no changes for any physical activity parameters before and after PFMT. This is probably because the physical activity levels in patients with mild to moderate POP were almost same as in age-matched healthy women.

Ouchi, M., Kato, K., Gotoh, M. et al. Int Urogynecol J (2017) 28: 1807.